Indoor Farming

In another session, we focused on indoor farming under the title ‘Indoor farming: Crop Diversity, Scale, and Profitability’. For this session we welcomed:

Indoor farming is critical for food security. In the past to ensure food security you just needed to align with a strong agricultural neighbor to secure food supply. In an increasingly resource constrained world, and especially during periods when borders are closed, securing food supply is critical. This is true in dense cities of Asia, giving rise to a large market for indoor farming technology.

Conventional farming creates waste, cuts down trees to make room for more farming and has created very high emissions transportation infrastructure. Indoor farming does not need to compete with all conventional production, it just needs to compete with the imports.

Scaling in Asia is different to other regions (North America and Europe particularly) because:

  • Their target addressable market is different and larger
  • Land value is often high and there are few brownfield sites to locate your farm when working in Asian cities
  • Scaling across countries presents regulatory challenges that do not exist when scaling from West to East Coast in the US, or even throughout Europe.

Business models vary. From a producer looking to use the best tool available to grow high quality produce at low cost (Griin) to a technology developer such as Alesca Life which doesn’t want the acquisition of local market knowledge to be a barrier to scale. Whereas vertically integrated Sustenir are taking on the end to end of the value chain, and are eyeing up high value ingredients such as TCM/Pharma/Cosmetics.

The hardware stack you develop depends on local market conditions. For example, operating in Singapore where wages are high will encourage the use of automation. Operating in China or other developing economies will have technology more focused on energy savings, consistency of operations, and other guard rails to ensure optimum operation.

Indoor farming in Asia is a B2G market. Policy needs to be supportive in order to reach scale. There are over 800 smart cities being developed in China alone, each engaging with new technologies to build sustainable cities.

Crop diversity is critical to the success of indoor farms, and you can only grow diverse produce if you have a flexible growing system. The flexibility an indoor farm offers means growers can react quickly to customer preferences and changes, as well as optimize growing conditions according to taste. You can grow high value products out of season, offering better margins on like-for-like produce compared with conventional growers.

Keep an Eye On….

In alternative proteins, keep an eye on hybrid products that use both cultivated meat and some plant protein to take functional and cost benefits from both to make a superior product. As mentioned above, keep an eye on distributed manufacturing systems for proteins that leverage low logistics costs and small-scale production facilities.

In indoor farming, keep an eye on more SPAC announcements after Aerofarms as companies look for new ways to raise capital to expand footprint. Also keep an eye on genetic and seed breeding technologies focusing on new crop varieties, signaled by the Bayer and Temasek founding of Unfold in 2020.