Apr 8, 2019 | By Thomas
Researchers at Virginia Tech are integrating electronic sensors into personalized 3D printed prosthetics, a development that could lead to more affordable electric-powered prosthetics.
The mold of local teen Josie Fraticelli’s hand that was scanned during the development of a personalized prosthetic. Photo by Logan Wallace. CREDIT: Virginia Tech
By integrating electronic sensors at the intersection between a prosthetic and the wearer’s tissue, the researchers can gather information related to prosthetic function and comfort, such as the pressure across wearer’s tissue, that can help improve further iterations of the these types of prosthetics.
The integration of materials within form-fitting regions of 3D-printed prosthetics via a conformal 3D printing technique, instead of manual integration after printing, could also create opportunities in matching the hardness of the wearer’s tissue and and integrating sensors at different locations across the form-fitting interface.
According to Yuxin Tong, an industrial and systems engineering graduate student and first author of the published study, the ultimate goal is to create engineering practices and processes that can reach as many people as possible, starting with an effort to help develop a prosthetic for local teenager Josie Fraticelli.
« Hopefully, every parent could follow the description from the paper we published and develop a low-cost personalized prosthetic hand for his or her child, » Tong said.
To develop the prosthetics integrated with electronic sensors, the researchers started with a 3D scan of a mould of the Fraticelli’s limb. They then used the 3D scanning data to guide the integration of sensors into the form-fitting cavity of the prosthetic using a conformal 3D printing technique.
« Personalizing and modifying the properties and functionalities of wearable system interfaces using 3D scanning and 3D printing opens the door to the design and manufacture of new technologies for human assistance and health care as well as examining fundamental questions associated with the function and comfort of wearable systems, » said Blake Johnson, a Virginia Tech assistant professor in industrial and systems engineering.
Johnson’s research into prosthetic hands was inspired when he learned about his colleague’s daughter, Josie Fraticelli, then 12-years old, who had been born with amniotic band syndrome. While in utero, the development of her hand stopped. String-like amniotic bands restricted blood flow and affected the development of right hand, causing a lack of formation beyond the knuckles.
Johnson used his related research expertise in additive biomanufacturing and a team of interdisciplinary undergraduate researchers to 3D print the bionic hand for Fraticelli that would become the basis of the now-published research.
As they worked with Fraticelli, they continued tweaking the prototype prosthetic by developing new additive manufacturing techniques that would allow for a better fit to Fraticelli’s palm, creating a more comfortable, form-fitting prosthetic device.
They found that contact between Fraticelli’s tissue and the prosthesis increased nearly fourfold compared to non-personalized devices. This increased contact area helped them pinpoint where to deploy sensing electrode arrays to test the pressure distribution, which helped them to further improve the design.
Sensing experiments were conducted using two personalized prosthetics with and without sensing electrode arrays. By running these experiments with Fraticelli, they found that the pressure distribution was different when she relaxed her hand versus holding her hand in a flexed posture.
« The mismatch between the soft skin and the rigid interface is still a problem that will reduce the conformity, » said Tong. « The sensing electrode arrays may open another new area to improve the prosthetics design from the perspective of distributing a better balance of pressure. »
Posted in 3D Printing Application
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